True Nutrition's Super GREENS formula is composed juice extracts in powder form from alfalfa (50%), wheat grass (25%) and barley grass (25%). Each of these green foods are loaded with naturally occurring components useful for the hard-core or recreational athlete, as well as the more sedentary person interested in living a more healthful life.
Alfalfa Grass Powder (50%)
Used for thousands of years as food for livestock and humans, alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is a traditional herbal medicine in China, Iraq, Turkey, India and America with varied uses, e.g., as a diuretic but also as a moistening agent, and in the treatment of arthritis(1). Alfalfa is high in chlorophyll (see below), protein, the B vitamins, vitamin C, E and K and in calcium, magnesium, zinc and iron(2). Western science has born out alfalfa’s usefulness in reducing cholesterol (due to the saponin glycosides it contains)(3,4) and potential use in reducing high blood sugar, given it has anti-hyperglycemic effects in an animal model of diabetes(5). Because it contains estrogenic isoflavones (genistein and coumestrol derivatives), and only small amounts of the potentially androgenic compound beta-sitosterol(2), alfalfa can be included as a phytoestrogenic component in managing post-menopausal symptoms, such as reduced bone mineral density(6).
Of very special note is that alfalfa contains an amino acid called L-canavanine, which can cause systemic Lupus-like disease in some individuals if consumed in excess(7-9), or a flare up in those who have already have lupus. Generally speaking, those who have autoimmune disorders should be aware that alfalfa’s effects on the immune system (enhancing it) may worsen their condition(10). Those with estrogen sensitive conditions, such as breast cancer, should note the estrogenic effects of alfalfa (see above). Users should also recognize that alfalfa is high in vitamin K, which may increase clotting in some individuals(11). Alfalfa may cause increased sensitivity to sunlight: Care should be taken if using drugs that cause photosensitization(10).
Wheat Grass Juice Powder (25%)
Made from the common wheat plant (Tricum aestivum), it is comparable(12) in protein, vitamins and minerals to green vegetables such as broccoli(13) and spinach(14), and also contains large amounts of chlorophyll(12). Wheat grass has a reputation for benefiting abnormal bleeding, and scientific data suggest validity of this notion. It has been shown to reduce rectal bleeding with ulcerative colitis(15), the requirement for transfusions to correct anemia in patients with thalassemia(16) and myelodysplastic syndrome(17), and even the need for bone marrow stimulating drugs to counter the negative effects ofchemotherapy on white and red blood cell production(18).
Barley Grass Juice Powder (25%)
Barley grass (Hordeum vulgare) is an excellent source of Vitamin C and Vitamin E(19), as well as fiber, protein, amylase enzymes (and amylose carbohydrate)(20), and chlorophyll(21). In a long term animal study, feeding a barley fiber supplement (rich in beta-glucans), increased animal food intake and rate of growth and also improved intestinal health, e.g., by boosting the favorable (natural) colonic bacteria population and short chain fatty acid content(22). (Short chain fatty acids help mediate the gastrointestinal, cardiovascular and anti-neoplastic health benefits of fiber ingestion(23).) The beta-glucans in barley fiber may also blunt the glycemic response (elevation in blood sugar) if added to a high carbohydrate meal like breakfast(24). Barley grass’ high chromium content(2, 20) likely underlies barley malt’s “glucose tolerance factor,”which also aids to normalize excessively high blood glucose levels, e.g., in studies of diabetic mice(25). Additionally, the protein in barley has been shown to reduce blood lipids in hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol and LDL)(26) and barley fiber per se may also help improve blood lipid profile and help with weight loss(27).
Chlorophyll in Super GREENS
As the name implies, each of the ingredients in the Super GREENS formula contains chlorophyll, the green pigment found in plants. Although the evidence is somewha tmixed(28, 29),chlorophyll (chlorophyllins) has demonstrated anti-cancer effects in animals(28) and, in a recent study, proved valuable in preventing gastrointestinal absorption of a particular aflatoxin, a carcinogenic chemical produced by molds that grow on seeds, nuts and legumes(30). Chlorophyll may be especially useful in binding heterocyclic amines, which are carcinogenic (particularly for colon cancer(31)) compounds formed from cooking (e.g., grilling) meat(31-35). A more obvious benefit of chlorophyll may be its use in reducing body, stool and flatulence odor even when consumed in only small amounts (e.g., 100mg / day)(36).
Super GREENS concentrated powder should be taken in small doses initially (1 teaspoon or approximately 2 grams, twice / day) to assess tolerance and effectiveness, e.g., in reducing body odor. Its bitter taste can be offset by mixing it with a small amount of juice or blending it in a protein shake or smoothie.
Because of hormone-like effects and other risks (see above, in particular the section on alfalfa), you should consult with your physician before using Super GREENS to address a heath or disease issue. Other supplements with potentially complimentary effects could include the following.
For coronary vascular disease and a healthy blood lipid profile: ALCAR, Green Tea Extract, Fish Oil and Super Omega 3-6-9 Pills, L-Arginine (and citrulline malate), creatine, cissus quadrangularis, and IP6.
For blood glucose control: Alpha-lipoic acid, MD’s Ultimate Glucose Disposal Agent, and creatine.
For digestive concerns: protease enzyme complex and psyllium seed husk fiber.
To assist immune function: IP6, cissus quadrangularis, creatine, arginine alpha-ketoglutarate.
For anti-tumor / anti-neoplastic effects: Green tea extract containing EGCG)(33), milk thistle, fish oil and Super Omega 3-6-9 Pills, IP6, and DIM.
If you are currently pregnant or nursing, consult a physician prior to use. Keep out of the reach of children.
Although this product may not contain one or all of the following, this product is manufactured in a facility that handles milk, soy, egg, peanut, nut, tree, fish, crustaceans/shellfish, and wheat products.
Use the table below to approximate the gram equivalent weight for a given level measuring spoon (US Standard). Please note that accurate dosing should only be done with a recommended calibrated scale.
|Measuring Spoon (level) ||g ||mg |
|90cc Scoop ||29.0 ||28959 |
|70cc Scoop ||22.5 ||22524 |
|29.6cc Scoop ||9.5 ||9524 |
|25cc Scoop ||8.0 ||8044 |
|Tablespoon ||4.8 ||4759 |
|10cc Scoop ||3.2 ||3218 |
|½ Tablespoon ||2.4 ||2380 |
|Teaspoon ||1.6 ||1586 |
|½ Teaspoon ||0.8 ||793 |
|1.7cc Scoop ||0.5 ||547 |
|¼ Teaspoon ||0.4 ||397 |
|1/8 Teaspoon ||0.2 ||198 |
|1/16 Teaspoon ||0.1 ||99 |
|1/32 Teaspoon ||0.0 ||50 |
DISCLAIMER: The above description is provided for information only and does not constitute medical advice. Please consult your physician or the appropriately licensed professional before engaging in a program of exercise or nutritional supplementation. No information in this site has been reviewed by the FDA. No product is intended to treat, diagnose, or cure any disease.
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2. Duke,J., Dr.Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database].2011. http://www.ars-grin.gov/duke/
3. Story,J.A., et al., Interactionsof alfalfa plant and sprout saponins with cholesterol in vitro and incholesterol-fed rats. TheAmerican journal of clinical nutrition, 1984. 39(6):p. 917-29. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6720621
4. Molgaard,J., et al., Alfalfaseeds lower low density lipoprotein cholesterol and apolipoprotein Bconcentrations in patients with type II hyperlipoproteinemia.Atherosclerosis, 1987. 65(1-2):p. 173-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3606731
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16. Marawaha,R.K., et al., Wheatgrassjuice reduces transfusion requirement in patients with thalassemiamajor: a pilot study. IndianPediatrics, 2004. 41(7):p. 716-20.
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19. BrezinovaBelcredi, N., et al.,Antioxidant vitamins in barleygreen biomass. Journal ofagricultural and food chemistry, 2010. 58(22):p. 11755-61. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20973533
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24. Poppitt,S.D., et al., Supplementationof a high-carbohydrate breakfast with barley beta-glucan improvespostprandial glycaemic response for meals but not beverages.Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition, 2007. 16(1):p. 16-24. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17215176
25. Hong,H. and W. Jai Maeng, Effectsof malted barley extract and banaba extract on blood glucose levelsin genetically diabetic mice.Journal of medicinal food, 2004. 7(4):p. 487-90. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15671695
26. Behall,K.M., et al., Dietscontaining barley significantly reduce lipids in mildlyhypercholesterolemic men and women.The American journal of clinical nutrition, 2004. 80(5):p. 1185-93. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15531664
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36. Wigmore,A., Thewheatgrass book: How to grow and use wheatgrass to maximize yourhealth and vitality. 1 ed.1985, U.S.A.: Ann Wigmore and the Hippocrates Health Institute, Inc.http://www.amazon.com/Wheatgrass-Book-Maximize-Health-Vitality/dp/0895292343/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1309996777&sr=8-1#reader_0895292343